Model Subtraction
Kindergarten


Alabama Course of Study Standards:
8

Represent addition and subtraction up to 10 with concrete objects, fingers, pennies, mental images, drawings,
claps or other sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. 
Arkansas Academic Standards:
K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction using objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions (e.g., 2+3), or equations (e.g., 2+3 = )
Note: Expressions and equations are not required but are recommended by the end of Kindergarten. 
Arizona  K12 Academic Standards:
K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction concretely. See Table 1. 
Common Core State Standards:
K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. 
Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE):
K.NR.5.2

Represent addition and subtraction within 10 from a given authentic situation using a variety of representations and strategies. 
Mississippi College and CareerReadiness Standards:
K.OA.1

Represent addition and subtraction, in which all parts and whole of the problem are within 10, with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. 
North Carolina  Standard Course of Study:
K.OA.1

Represent addition and subtraction, within 10: Use a variety of representations such as objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, or expressions.
 Demonstrate understanding of addition and subtraction by making connections among representations.

New York State Next Generation Learning Standards:
K.OA.1

Represent addition and subtraction using objects, fingers,
pennies, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, equations or other strategies. Note: Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. 
Ohio's Learning Standards:
K.OA.1

Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers,
mental images, drawings, sounds such as claps, acting out situations,
verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. Drawings need not
show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. (This
applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) 
Tennessee Academic Standards:
K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. 
Wisconsin Academic Standards:
K.OA.A.1

Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, or numbers. Drawings need not show details but should show the mathematics in the problem. 
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS):
K.3.A

model the action of joining to represent addition and the action of separating to represent
subtraction; 
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS):
K.3.C

explain the strategies used to solve problems involving adding and subtracting within 10
using spoken words, concrete and pictorial models, and number sentences. 
Pennsylvania Core Standards:
CC.2.2.K.A.1

Extend concepts of putting together and taking apart to add and subtract within 10. 
Florida  Benchmarks for Excellent Student Thinking:
MA.K.AR.2.1

Explain why addition or subtraction equations are true using objects or drawings 
