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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

Consonant Sounds

Grade: 1st Grade
Standard:

1.2.D

Description:

blend spoken phonemes to form one- and two-syllable words, including consonant blends (e.g., spr);

Standard:

1.3.A

Description:

decode words in context and in isolation by applying common letter-sound correspondences, including: (i) single letters (consonants) including b, c=/k/, c=/s/, d, f, g=/g/ (hard), g=/j/ (soft), h, j, k, l, m, n, p, qu=/kw/, r, s=/s/, s=/z/, t, v, w, x=/ks/, y, and z; (ii) single letters (vowels) including short a, short e, short i, short o, short u, long a (a-e), long e (e), long i (i-e), long o (o-e), long u (u-e), y=long e, and y=long i; (iii) consonant blends (e.g., bl, st); (iv) consonant digraphs including ch, tch, sh, th=as in thing, wh, ng, ck, kn, -dge, and ph; (v) vowel digraphs including oo as in foot, oo as in moon, ea as in eat, ea as in bread, ee, ow as in how, ow as in snow, ou as in out, ay,ai, aw, au, ew, oa, ie as in chief, ie as in pie, and -igh; and (vi) vowel diphthongs including oy, oi, ou, and ow;

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