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Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

Decode & Encode Words

Grade: 1st Grade
Standard:

1.2.E

Description:

isolate initial, medial, and final sounds in one-syllable spoken words; and

Standard:

1.2.F

Description:

segment spoken one-syllable words of three to five phonemes into individual phonemes (e.g., splat =/s/p/l/a/t/).

Standard:

1.3.A

Description:

decode words in context and in isolation by applying common letter-sound correspondences, including: (i) single letters (consonants) including b, c=/k/, c=/s/, d, f, g=/g/ (hard), g=/j/ (soft), h, j, k, l, m, n, p, qu=/kw/, r, s=/s/, s=/z/, t, v, w, x=/ks/, y, and z; (ii) single letters (vowels) including short a, short e, short i, short o, short u, long a (a-e), long e (e), long i (i-e), long o (o-e), long u (u-e), y=long e, and y=long i; (iii) consonant blends (e.g., bl, st); (iv) consonant digraphs including ch, tch, sh, th=as in thing, wh, ng, ck, kn, -dge, and ph; (v) vowel digraphs including oo as in foot, oo as in moon, ea as in eat, ea as in bread, ee, ow as in how, ow as in snow, ou as in out, ay,ai, aw, au, ew, oa, ie as in chief, ie as in pie, and -igh; and (vi) vowel diphthongs including oy, oi, ou, and ow;

Standard:

1.3.B

Description:

combine sounds from letters and common spelling patterns (e.g., consonant blends, long- and short-vowel patterns) to create recognizable words;

Standard:

1.3.C

Description:

use common syllabication patterns to decode words, including: (i) closed syllable (CVC) (e.g., mat, rab-bit); (ii) open syllable (CV) (e.g., he, ba-by); (iii) final stable syllable (e.g., ap-ple, a-ble); (iv) vowel-consonant-silent "e" words (VCe) (e.g., kite, hide); (v) vowel digraphs and diphthongs (e.g., boy-hood, oat-meal); and (vi) r-controlled vowel sounds (e.g., tar); including er, ir, ur, ar, and or);

Standard:

1.3.D

Description:

decode words with common spelling patterns (e.g., -ink, -onk, -ick);

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