EFFECTS OF MULTIPLICATION
Does the operation of multiplication on a number result in a larger number?
The answer is sometimes. Let's look at some cases.
When a number is multiplied by a fraction equivalent to 1, the product is equal to the number. 
Example:  $3$ × $\frac{2}{2}$ = $\frac{6}{2}$ = $3$ 

Example:  $\frac{1}{3}$ × $\frac{4}{4}$ = $\frac{4}{12}$ = $\frac{1}{3}$ 
When a positive whole number is multiplied by a fraction greater than 1, the product is greater than the whole number. 
Example:  $3$ × $1\frac{1}{4}$ = $3$ × $\frac{5}{4}$ = $\frac{15}{4}$ = $3\frac{3}{4}$ 
When a positive whole number is multiplied by a fraction between 0 and 1, the product is less than the whole number. 
Example:  $3$ × $\frac{1}{3}$ = $\frac{3}{3}$ = $1$ 

Example:  $3$ × $\frac{1}{6}$ = $\frac{3}{6}$ = $\frac{1}{2}$ 
When a number greater than 1 is multiplied by a number greater than 1, the product is greater than both numbers. 
Example:  $3$ × $2$ = $6$ 
Example:  $3$ × $2\frac{1}{3}$ = $3$ × $\frac{7}{3}$ = $\frac{21}{3}$ = $7$ 
Example:  $1\frac{1}{2}$ × $1\frac{1}{3}$ = $\frac{3}{2}$ × $\frac{4}{3}$ = $\frac{12}{6}$ = $2$ 