addition and more than

When adding a positive number to a value, the value is increased.

When adding a positive number to a value, the result is

*more than* the value.

**Example:** 4 + (2,345 + 67)

The value of the expression is 4

*more than* 2,345 + 67.

subtraction and less than

When subtracting a positive number from a value, the value is decreased.

When subtracting a positive number from a value, the result is

*less than* the value.

**Example:** (2,345 + 67) - 4

The value of the expression is 4

*less than* 2,345 + 67.

multiplication and times as large as

When multiplying a value by a positive number, the product is that many

*times as large as* the value.

**Example:** 4 × (2,345 + 67)

The value of the expression is 4

*times as large as* 2,345 + 67.