**Equivalent fractions** are equal.

One way to find an equivalent fraction is

to multiply by a fraction **equivalent to 1**.

One way to find an equivalent fraction is to multiply the fraction by a fraction equivalent to 1.

A fraction is equivalent to 1 if the numerator and denominator are equal.

Multiply $\frac{3}{4}$ by $\frac{2}{2}$ to find a fraction that is equivalent to $\frac{3}{4}$.

$\frac{3}{4}\times \frac{2}{2}=\frac{6}{8}$

So, $\frac{6}{8}$ is equivalent to $\frac{3}{4}$.

Next, multiply $\frac{3}{4}$ by $\frac{3}{3}$ to find another fraction that is equivalent to $\frac{3}{4}$.

$\frac{3}{4}\times \frac{3}{3}=\frac{9}{12}$

So, $\frac{9}{12}$ is also equivalent to $\frac{3}{4}$.