- A poem is a genre (or type) of literature. Usually, a poem uses a lot of figurative language and has a song-like quality.
These are the elements and types of poetry:
Elements of Poetry:
- Rhyme scheme: the pattern in which the end-rhymes of different
lines in the poem match
- Rhythm: the beat of the poem created by the use of strong and weak syllables, you can clap to the rhythm of the poem
- Meter: the pattern and the number of strong and weak syllables that create the rhythm of a poem
Types of Poetry:
A long poem that uses simple language. Often, a word or a phrase is repeated in each stanza.
Example: "The Ballad of the Reading Gaol" by Oscar Wilde
Often, a lyrical poem that is addressed to a particular subject. The rhythm and length of lines usually varies within the poem.
Example: "Ode on a Grecian Urn" by John Keats
- Free Verse
A poem that does not use a fixed rhyme scheme (or rhymes at all) and is not written using a meter.
Example: "Keeping Things Whole" by Mark Strand
- Lyrical Poem
A poem that uses a rhyme scheme and is usually written in a meter. Most lyrical poems are written to share the author's thoughts or feelings.
Example: "I am Nobody! Who are you?" by Emily Dickinson
A lyrical poem that has a fixed meter, number of lines, and a rhyme scheme.
Example: the Shakespearean sonnet "Sonnet Number 18" has 14 lines
- Narrative Poem
A poem that tells a story. It could be a free verse poem or a poem with meter.
Example: "My Papa's Waltz" by Theodore Roethke