Arrays and area models can be used to represent multiplication sentences.
The number of rows represents the first factor.
The number of columns represents the second factor.
The total number of objects or area represents the product.
The product of two whole numbers can be represented by an array where the first factor is the number of rows, the second factor is the number of columns, and the product is the total number of objects.
The array shown has 6 rows, 9 columns, and 54 total chickens. So, the array represents a multiplication equation where 6 is the first factor, 9 is the second factor, and 54 is the product.
Therefore, the array represents 6 × 9 = 54.
The product of two whole numbers can be represented by an area model where the two factors are the rectangle's dimensions and the product is the area of the rectangle.
In this case, the area model has 12 rows, 8 columns, and an area of 96 squares. So, the area model has dimensions of 12 units by 8 units.
The factor 12 is given, so the missing factor is 8, which is the other dimension of the area model.